242. International Politics
How and why states compete and cooperate internationally. Addresses concepts such as the balance of power between states, collective security through treaties and international organizations, nuclear deterrence, and the growing influence of non-Western states. Typically includes historical and current case studies. (Social Science) YAMANISHI 

243. Comparative Politics
Various types of political systems, including liberal democracies, current and former communist systems, and mixed systems of the developing world. (Social Science) A. THOMAS

330. Women and Politics: A Cross-National Perspective
This course examines a variety of issues and debates within the field of Political Science that are particularly relevant to the study of women and politics. The course will examine women's participation in formal politics in a comparative perspective, by focusing on women's roles as voters, candidates, and officeholders. Course materials include case studies from various countries. Prerequisite: POL 243. Alternate years. (Social Science) A. THOMAS 

331. Gender and Development
This course will critically investigate the complex ways in which gender relationships shape history, ideology, economy, and polity in developing countries. The role and status of Asian women will be examined to enable students to compare and contrast non-Western experiences with Western experiences. The forces of modernity and the impact on colonialism will also be discussed especially in relation to the economic and political conditions of the non-Western world and development. Prerequisite: POL 243. Alternate years. (Social Science)

332. Human Rights
Practices and characteristics of governments and non-governmental actors that abuse and protect human rights, history of the concept and treatment of rights, justifications for the protection of rights, differences between categories of rights, prospects for the improved protection of rights through international and domestic action. Prerequisite: junior standing. Alternate years. (Interdisciplinary)

333. International Organizations
History, present characteristics, and future prospects of efforts to establish international order through global and regional integration and governance, the development of international law, the activity of internationally-oriented non-state actors and social movements, and resistance thereto. Prerequisite: POL 242. Alternate years. (Social Science) YAMANISHI 

334. Strategies to Alleviate Poverty
The course explores the nature of poverty in the developing world. What causes it? What behaviors does it induce? Emphasis is on discussing various institutional factors that lead to poverty. The course will explore strategies and programs designed to alleviate poverty at the international, national and local levels, and analyze the role of the World Bank, national governments and non-governmental organizations in eliminating poverty. Can poverty be eradicated and if so, can the solution be found in capitalism itself? If not, is there a viable alternative? Prerequisite: POL 242 or 243. Alternate years. (Social Science)

335-339. Seminar in International Relations and Comparative Government
Examination of a particular topic or issue in international relations or in comparative government. Content varies from year to year. See Topics Courses. Prerequisite: POL 242 or 243. Offered subject to availability of faculty. (Social Science)

341. Latin American Politics
History, present characteristics, and future prospects of political systems in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Addresses decolonization, authoritarianism, democratization, human rights, the political effects of social institutions and economic crises, and foreign relations with the US and other powers. Prerequisite: POL 243, LAS 141, or HIS 141. Alternate years. (Social Science)

346. Political Economy of Developing Countries
Political-economic systems of selected developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Discussions of independence movements, post-independence experiences of civilian rule, civil-military relations, and the evolving relationships between politics and economics in these countries. Prerequisite: POL 243. Alternate years. (Social Science) A. THOMAS 

348. U.S. Foreign Policy
Process by which U.S. foreign policy is made and implemented, focusing on contemporary cases. Emphasis on how the political process and distribution of authority affect policy. Prerequisite: POL 242. (Social Science) YAMANISHI 

349. International Political Economy. This class uses methods and theorems central to international economics in the areas of trade and money (such as comparative advantage, factor and sector models, partial and general equilibrium, the Heckscher-Ohlin model, imperfect competition, import-substitution vs. export-orientation, strategic trade theory, balance of payments, aggregate demand, the Stolper-Samuelson theorem, and other concepts, methods, and theorems) to sustain an economically informed discussion of the political constraints upon and political implications of international exchange of goods and currencies. I have often noted that the class covers a large part of the same economic material as ECB 223 (International Economics), though we constantly direct our attention to the questions of what political constraints preclude or modify the outcomes economists expect and how economic developments favor and constrain the desires of domestic political actors. The class also has a substantial focus upon the political constraints upon economic development, that highlights the very important interactions between these economic and political science concepts in a particular policy area that is often of interest to students. Thus, the focus of the class is upon questions that are of interest to both economists and political scientists, and my hope is that our attention to the interaction between economics and politics – each viewed through the disciplinary lenses best adapted to understanding them – will help my students understand the value of using multiple disciplinary approaches to approach problems. Prerequisites: POL 242 and ECB 101. Alternate years. (Interdisciplinary Thinking) YAMANISHI